- NY Native American Mohawks are only recognized through a mother's enrollment. Then a 1/4 blood quantum must be proven.
- Eastern Band of Cherokees must prove to be descendant from a person on the Baker Roll AND have a minimum of 1/16 blood quantum.
- United Keetoowah Band of Cherokee must prove to be descendent from a person on the Dawes Roll AND have minimum of 1/4 blood quantum.
- Cherokee Nation of Oklahomans must prove to be a descendent from a person on the Dawes Roll. No blood quantum requirement.
Tuesday, April 5, 2011
Native American Tribal Enrollment
How to Become an "Indian"?
Once, twice a week I get inquires for assistance with Native American family research. This genealogy research can be quite rewarding, but I must discourage prospective clients from expecting Native Indian tribal membership as a result of a genealogy search. Simply said you can't become a Native American, if you weren't born as one. Seriously, you must have Native American blood. The last time you could have electively been an "Indian" was when you were playing a child's game.
Genealogy for Native American Tribal Enrollment
Native American ancestry, does not necessarily result into Native American tribal enrollment. As with all ancestral research, the largest benefit is uncovering your ancestors. A paper trail of birth certificates, death and marriage certificates, and other documents may be found linking yourself to an enrolled ancestor. But for enrollment each tribe has specific rules, and regulations that must be met. For example:
Can DNA Help Prove My Native American Ancestry?
Although there are markers that may indicate Native American bloodline, DNA testing does not verify specific tribes. And even though DNA spawns great genealogical interests, it isn't a tool for proving ancestral relationships.
If your end desire is to forego the ancestry research and leap forward to Native American benefits please take note of the following: 1) not all Tribes or Nations are Federally recognized 2) tribal rights, finances, benefits, etc vary from tribe to tribe. 3) you must prove your relationship to the tribe.
So before contacting the Bureau of Indian Affairs (BIA) for the Tribal leaders Directory: you will want to have sketched your pedigree to determine your possible blood quantum. Again, required amounts are determined by the enrolling tribe.
Other Vocabulary and Contacts
AIHEC = American Indian Higher Education Consortium: http://www.aihec.org/
BIA = US Bureau of Indian Affairs, Office of Education, 1849 C Street, NW, Washington, DC 20240-0001 You may also reach the bureau of Indian affairs at 1-800-332-9186)
BIE = Bureau of Indian Education; http://www.bie.edu/ Bureau of Indian Education
CIB = certificate of Indian blood is or proof of membership with federally recognized tribes
Posted by Kathleen Brandt, Professional Genealogist at 10:43 PM