a3Genealogy - Accurate, Accessible Answers - specializes in military, naturalization records, Native American and African American ancestry. The a3Gen blog is penned by Kathleen Brandt, an international genealogy consultant, speaker and writer. a3Gen clients span from Europe, Asia and Africa to the Americas.
"Those who do not look upon themselves as a link, connecting the past with the future, do not perform their duty to the world.” Daniel Webster
In case you’ve lived under a rock in 2012, you probably
already know that the 1940 census will be released 2 April and that it will
help many of us move our family research out of the abyss. To understand the magnitude of this new
release, be sure to become familiar with the era. Between 1930 and 1940 the historical and
social timelines of America painted many changes in rural and urban family life. Surprising to some, more occurred than Amelia
Earhart’s noted solo fly across the Atlantic Ocean (1932). Keeping your research in perspective, may
assist you in locating and researching your ancestor.
This decade launched the computer age. It was in 1930 that Massachusetts Institute of
Technology, (MIT) invented the forerunner of the world wide web - the first
analog computer (Vannevar Bush). Was
your ancestor involved or part of this revolutionary invention?
Many may remember the historical event of the Star Spangled
Banner being approved as the national anthem in 1931, even if the end of War of 1812
that inspired the lyrics, is forgotten.
Perhaps your veteran ancestor was one of the fifteen to
twenty-five thousand WWI veterans who
camped near the White House in 1932
to pass the “Bonus Bill” pay.
In 1933 the Civilian
Conservation Corps (CCC was established). By 1935 over 500,000 men served by
constructing national parks and other Federal projects. This was also the year the year the Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA)
Unrelated (I’m assuming), Prohibition was repealed (21st
Amendment to Constitution) . The
depression was underway, and Mother Nature was not helping. In 1934 the Great
Plains’ dust bowl encouraging movement to California and other western
Interestingly enough, most US citizens aren’t aware that at
one time Philippines was a US territory. But in 1934 US Philippine residents were no longer classified as American
citizens, but reclassified to “aliens” via the Tydings - McDuffie Act. Was your Filipino ancestor affected by this change?
Where Was Your
Ancestor in 1935?
One of the questions on the 1940 census: “Where were you in 1935? This migratory clue coupled with
a bit of history may assist the family researcher.
I suggest that 1935 was the year of art revitalization. The Works Progress Administration (WPA) [Works
Project Administration, 1939] brought us more than beautiful architecture; it
helped create an awareness of the arts. Through
the WPA project 3.4 million ancestors were filled over 8 million jobs between
1935 - 1943. Many of these records may
be found at the National Archives Records of the Works Projects Administration.
African American culture played a vital role in this art
awareness period. In New York, in spite
of the economic challenges, George Gershwin’s opera Porgy and Bess premiered. The
cast featured classically trained African American singers. The Museum of Modern Art (MOMA) hosted an African American art exhibit. Many art-centric African Americans, found
their way to New York for opportunities. In towns like Kansas City where the Count Basie Orchestra played
at the Reno Club, small community venues sprouted across the
nation and were news worthy.
We all know that social security applications are being
redacted as needed and alternatives to that genealogical tool is needed, but
it’s good to know that it is still a valuable took in certain searches today. In
1935 the Social Security Act was passed. Our ancestors fulfilled obligations to
meet the social security application requirements. My Great Grandmother Mary Strader (1865-1968) had no proof of her birth, but her social security eligibility was met by
obtaining school records and school correspondence.
The Martians Are
Where was your ancestor 30 Oct 1938? An excerpt of the War of the Worlds by Orson Welles was heard over the radio speakers in many homes. This was the day that radio listeners first learned that “Martians had arrived.”
Speaking of Martians (OK..no relation) but the Alien
Registration Act registered all aliens over 14 years of age. These genealogical rich records can be
located at the National Archives. For
more information visit: Don’t Wait for the 1940 Census.
Changes Late in the
It was in 1938 that child labor became illegal, changing the
face of urban workers (Fair labor Standards Acts). This change in work force was exacerbated by
Perhaps your veteran was one of 1800 Civil War veterans who attended the Blue and Gray Reunion held in Gettysburg in 1938 commemorating the Battle of
Gettysburg. Information may be found in veteran publications to include The History of the Grand Army
of the Republic, Confederate Veteran, Southern Bivouac, and the Journals of the GAR Grand Encampments.