Tuesday, February 17, 2015

Begin Your Delaware Tribe Ancestral Research?

8 Key Resources to Native American Research?


Algonquians of the East Coast
The Delaware Indians derived from the Delaware River, and originally occupied the state of New Jersey. In general the Delaware Indians moved from New Jersey to Ohio and then they were pushed west of the Mississippi in the 1820’s.

Many Delawares renounced their Native American citizenship as early as 1795.  They, (and other Ohio native American tribes), surrendered most of their Ohio lands with the signing of the Treaty of Greeneville in 1795; and the remaining lands in 1829 when the United States forced the Delawares to  relinquish all lands in Ohio and move west of the Mississippi River. Visit the Official Webstie of the Delaware Tribe of Indians. 

Using Census Records
1860 - The 1860 federal decennial census did not enumerate Native Americans, unless the families renounced their “tribal rule.”  If families were enumerated that would indicate that they were taxed in that community and not a part of a tribal life at the time of the census enumeration. 

Native Americans not living on a reservation or on designated Indian lands in 1860 were identified, often as white, for tax purposes on the census record.

1870 - On the 1870 census there was a specific indicator used to designate American Indians. 

The Delaware Indians were absorbed by the Cherokees (one of the Five Civilized Tribes). Others Delaware Indians who lived in the Cherokee territory may have participated in the “open land runs” or staked and purchased land, or married an Indian Citizen.

1880 - The Dawes Severalty Act, 5 October 1894, provided 160 acres to be given individually to each Native American family, and to slaves of the Five Civilized Tribes.  Many of the Delaware/Cherokee Natives claimed this land, since persons who were authenticated in the 1880 Cherokee Nation citizenship, or earlier, were eligible for these benefits.

It May Be Unlikely
It was unlikely for Native Americans of the Delaware tribe to:
  • not claim their land and government rights as they merged with other Native Americans to include the Cherokee Indians
  • be a part of the Ohio Militia or Iowa Militia, as these groups were formed to fight the American Indians
  • be enumerated as white citizens in the census prior to 1880.  According to the National Archives and Records Administration (NARA) website “few American Indians were included in the Federal census.” This resulted in them not being identified or enumerated between 1790 and 1840. [1]  
8 Key Resources
However, all of these sources, although unlikely, should still be checked closely, as well as the Native American rolls listed below which may be found on fold3.com, ancestry.com. National Archives and Records Administration microfilm, etc. The Rootsweb.ancestry.com webiste, has compiled over 285,000 records which includes almost 18000 surnames. These indexed entries include the tribe, blood percentage, card and roll numbers, and lists associated family members.
1.      Dawes Final Roll 
2.      Drennen Roll
3.      Reservation Roll (Arkansas Lands)
4.      1896 Census Application
5.      1880 Cherokee Census
6.      Guion Miller Roll
7.      Baker Roll
8.      Kern Clifton Rolls

Kathleen Brandt 
a3genealogy@gmail.com 
Accurate, accessible answers

Previously Titled: Searching for Delaware Native Indians
Posted 26 Nov 2010 / Updated 17 Feb 2015

Saturday, February 14, 2015

Puerto Rican WWI Era Research, PartI

U. S. Employment service Bulletins, published weekly

War Time Labor Shortage.  
Where Was Your Ancestor?
In 1918, the U.S. A. government began recruiting its new Puerto Rican citizens (as of March 1917) as mainland laborers. The idea was to place workers in New York and other states to assist with the shortage of war time in manufacturing, railroad, agriculture, construction, etc. Initially the goal was to register approximately ten thousand people, but that increased to over seventy-five thousand registered Puerto Ricans agreeing to the .35¢ per hour plus military housing/boarding and transportation via military vessels. Your ancestors may have been one of these registered laborers.  


Where to Begin?
Like all genealogy research, gather as much data as possible on your ancestor. This information should include full name, sibling’s names, parents, etc. Since names are quite common, determine distinguishing characteristics - occupation, city, nickname, etc.

6 Vital Record Collections
  1. New York National Archives (NARA). The Guide to Puerto Rican Records in the National Archives, New York City, is a great place to begin your Puerto Rican ancestor research. 
  2. Civil Records. Vital records  of births and deaths were recorded, in Spanish at the local Puerto Rican “Oficina del Rigistro Civil.”  Visit “Puerto Rico, Civil Registrations, 1885-2001 in the FamilySearch.org catalog or locate in the ancestry.com subscriber database.
  3. Newspaper Search. The New York Puerto Rican newspapers reported news of its community. Although much was in Spanish, these OCR digitized copies are easily available with the New York Public Library database resources, or other comprehensive historical/genealogical libraries that hold newspaper database subscriptions (i.e. Midwest Genealogy Center, MO. -  library card will get you home access).
    - La Democracia
    - La Correspondencia de Puerto Rico
    - El Tiempo y Union Obera

  1. Passenger Lists.
    - Puerto Rico, Passenger and Crew Lists, 1901 – 1962, ancestry.com
    - National Archives Record Group (RG85) Manifests of Ship Passengers Arriving at San Juan, PR in Transit to Other Destinations, 07/01/1921 – 06/30/1947 (microfilm only)
    - RG 85.3.1 Passenger Lists of Vessels Arriving at San Juan PR 10/7/1901 – 6/30/1948

  1. Military Records. Selective Service System draft Registration Cards, 1917-1918 are digitally available on FamilySearch.org.
  2. Consular Records and Passports.  Many Puerto Ricans worked in neighboring countries, (i.e. Dominican Republic).  For easier entry and exist many applied for their U. S. passports.  Visit U.S. Passport Applications, 1795-1925 on ancestry.com. For Puerto Rico, this collection holds records from 1907-1925. This is a good place to begin your passport research, but know that more information on Consular Records will be shared in Part II.
Thinking of a warm romantic island on this cold Valentine’s Day.
Kathleen Brandt
a3Genealogy.com
Accurate, accessible answers

Friday, January 16, 2015

DNA Successes for Genealogists

source: Will Lorton (public domain)
Genealogy and Genetics - Adoption to New Zealand
In 2014 the a3Genealogy team saw DNA requests increase by 175%. Well no wonder, using this vital tool, we have successfully knocked down brickwalls, proven and disproven kinships, helped to connect unknown military families and uncovered adoption secrets.

***All Names Have Been Changed, But Cases Are Real…
Adoption
Kathy’s adoption was not a secret, but her biological parents were. Her biological mother was easily identified by analyzing ancestryDNA and FamilyTreeDNA results. But, her biological father is still unknown. More research is needed and a more in-depth analysis of her DNA results will assist us identifying her biological father.  Kathy’s DNA revealed the shocking news that she is approximately 76% Jewish (Ashkenazi).

Solving A Military Case
Susie, from the South Pacific Islands waited over 70 years to finally connect with her half-brother and other relatives in the U.S.A.  Her birth father had a common name - as common as Bill Smith. But, by the time Susie moved away from her South Pacific birthplace and created her adult life in New Zealand, she had etched his name into memory. Her half-sister was not interested in bringing dad’s military secret into the fold, and declined a mitochondrial DNA(mtDNA) test to prove kinship. Yet, thanks to an autosomal DNA test and a Y-test from her half-brother, her birth father was verified. Plus, with military records we were able to pinpoint the man “with the common name” in the South Pacific at the time of conception.

What’s My "Real" Surname and What Did You Say?
Georgia Ann Davis loves dabbling in genealogy.  It’s a diversion from her intense medical practice and genetics has always intrigued her. So, no one was surprised when she asked her father for a cheek swab. But, she and her father were surprised at the results – it was a double whammy! His Y-DNA matched perfectly with the Ball surname; but not one of his 36 matches had his surname of Davis.

Who were the Ball’s? His closest match was an African American man of Irish descent. This African American DNA match was a descendent of an ex-slave who was emancipated in 1855, 10 years before the end of the Civil War. The ex-slave’s father was one of 8 Irish “Ball” brothers.

Several DNA samples for the Ball family were tested as well as Georgia Ann’s uncle and  several cousins. DNA suggests the African American Ball family and Georgia Ann’s father share the same 4th great-grandfather.  At least Georgia Ann and her father know the non-paternal event (NPE) did not occur with beloved Grandma!

But it’s Not all Good News
Carol didn't have much to go on, just a photo, a name, and a place. The a3Genealogy researchers were able to verify a specific timeframe placing the man in the photo in the right place and time. A military photo matched the one Carol had in her bedside drawer. Her father was a single serviceman at the time of her conception. He never knew Carol’s mother was pregnant. He married immediately upon discharge, before Carol turned one years old. He and his wife raised two very successful daughters.  But, both of Carol’s genealogy-proven half-sisters have refused to take a DNA tests. So, we wait for another cousin on that line to take the tests and give Carol a positive match.  

The good news is that DNA testing has become an American obsession, so chances are good that someone on Carol’s paternal side will take a test. We already have the family tree mapped out and her DNA tests are accepting matches. So we will wait patiently for the cousin, niece, nephew, etc. to take the test and match with Carol.

***All Names Have Been Changed, But Cases Are Real…

As we are embracing science to help verify, confirm and deny brick walls (and open new ones - like some of the surprises mentioned) we hope you share our love for DNA. We are learning more about this wonderful genealogical tool every day! 

Join us at DNA for Genealogists Flipboard for a magazine of articles. And, be sure to visit the various author's webpages and blog sites. 

Kathleen Brandt
a3genealogy.com
Accurate, accessible answers

Wednesday, December 31, 2014

Following Female Ancestors - No 2015 Resolutions

2 Jan 1952, Zanesville Signal
Women "Never" Make Resolutions...
Recently I stayed at the Roosevelt Hotel in New Orleans. What a fascinating history! Readers already know that I love the opportunity to research historic hotels for clients. It's a great place to find our ancestors, discover their lifestyles and activities, and to have a snapshot of them in a location at a specific time in history. (Our ancestors were more than census records). If you missed it, review Research Ancestors in Historic Hotel Records - Part 1.

In my recent research of New Orleans historic hotels, I uncovered social histories, hotel histories, information on German settlers, bar histories and cocktail creations, while trying to identify early members of the Krewe of Venus. In 1940's, it was reported they had a secret membership, even though they sometimes did public acts.
But a 2015 Toast! 
In my research findings there was a popular 1952 article (above) explaining how "women, generals, and prophets" never make New Year Resolutions. What great timing! Personally for 2015, I think I will follow these female ancestors (ignore the ridiculous female stereotypes) and save myself from making breakable New Year's Resolutions. But, I have chosen to declare the Sazerac Cocktail as the New Year's drink choice for women for 2015.
24 Mar 1949, Madison, WI State journal
The Sazerac Bar, inside the Roosevelt Hotel, is known for its exclusive Sazerac Cocktail.



From Krewes to Sazerac
By 1950, New Orleans women were allowed to be served at the Sazerac Bar freely (begrudgingly, but freely). Previously, Mardi Gras was also the only day women were served in the Sazerac Bar. Mardi Gras only! 

Sazerac Bar, Roosevelt Hotel, abt 1949
3 Oct 1940, Hammond Times
But the road to opening the Sazerac's doors to women was considered one of the many "feminine invasions" of the 1940's. As early as 1941 another unpopular "feminine invasion" took place in New Orleans. The Krewe of Venus women decided "the men have been monopolizing the fun long enough" and added their float to the Mardi Gras.

I offer all a3Genealogy readers a Sazerac Cocktail toast to 2015!

Kathleen Brandt
a3genealogy@gmail.com

Saturday, December 27, 2014

Happy New Years!


From Kathleen Brandt and the a3Genealogy Researchers. 

Tuesday, November 25, 2014

Research Ancestors in Historic Hotel Records-Part I

Where Did They Stay?
When travelling for business we often enjoy the comforts of historic hotels in the small towns of Kansas, the resorts of Colorado, the boutique hotels of Texas, or the elegant and historic hotels of Massachusetts. Our research often includes tracking migrations, political/business travels, or learning the social life styles of ancestors who had the means to travel to visit family or for work.  Most genealogists may learn about this part of family history using newspaper notices. Local newspapers, especially in smaller towns, announce their visitors. They may even mention if the town guests are staying at a hotel or with family.  So from here, the fascination of hotel registers ensues!

Our admiration for historic hotels is not confined to U.S.A. markets, even though this article concentrates on finding your ancestors within America’s historic hotel records. But still, here is an interesting fact: the oldest hotel in operation is the Nisiyama Onsen Keiunkan in Yamanashi, Japan that first opened in 707 A.D. For forty-six generations, the same family has operated this hotel (Guinness World Records)  

7 Great Finds
Broadmoor Hotel, Colorado Springs, CO
What information can the genealogist / historian find within the archives of the hotels registered with the Historic Hotels of America, or in town museums and State Archives? Once you have determined that your ancestor did stay or work at a historic hotel, you may find one of the following treasures:
Broadmoor Bonanza 1949
  1. Hotel Magazines – upscale hotels may have announced their guests or taken photos of guests and events published in the magazines.
  2. Hotel registers may be available.
  3. Many of these historic hotels have onsite archivists that may assist with your research through onsite art collections, donated antiques, and social history, etc.
  4. Photo negatives may be available to include honeymooners, and newlyweds.
  5. Photos of hotel events or hosts of large events (polo team meets, golf tournaments, etc)
  6. Employee Records
  7. Entertainment Records.  You may find documents, photos and even contracts of entertainment events
Where are the records?

Researchers should first confirm their ancestors’ whereabouts by using social columns, deeds, obituaries, etc. Then contact the historic property. Be sure to ask for the following: an onsite or corporate archivist, the location of historical registers, employee ledgers, and guest ledgers. Don’t forget to check the National Historic registers for a copy of the records that might have made them eligible for the Historic Hotels of America.

County, state and local archives may also have important files on residents or guests of the historic hotels. By probing at the Broadmoor Spa in Colorado Springs, I was able to uncover awesome photos. The 1872 Sweet Springs Hotel Register was located in the University of Virginia, Claude Moore Health Sciences Collections Library.

African American Guests
Most historic hotels did not integrate until the 1960’s - civil rights era. My western Kansas Strader family was seemingly one of the first African Americans at the Broadmoor Resort in 1968, albeit a short stay by eight family members.

However, you may find your African American family in the employee registers.  In some of the smaller Midwestern hotels, which seemed to accept guests of color earlier, researchers may find that their ancestor were registered. Some of the historic hotel registers did not denote race but others may have noted their guest as “colored” or Negro.

Omni Parker House
Omni Parker House by Susan Wilson
Add the Omni Parker House historic hotel to your Boston historic tour. Was your ancestor a chef? Within a short distance from the New England Genealogical Historic Society, stands the relatively newly-renovated Omni Parker House well known for its mastery of the Boston Cream Pie. This historic hotel was noted for hiring top chefs (one might say celebrity chefs) since 1855 when it first hired Chef Sanzian. The original 1855 Parker House was completely demolished by 1927. But before the original Parker House was destroyed Charles Dickens had an extended stay, and John Wilkes Booth stayed a few days prior to killing President Lincoln. In more modern times, J. F. Kennedy announced his presidency and Malcolm X was a busboy at the Omni Parker.

Researching for your ancestors’ records as an employee or guests at this hotel will be extensive, but be sure to check all area historical repositories.

Our favorite hotel research began with the AAAFive-Diamond resort of the Broadmoor Hotel and Resort. Since 1919, the Broadmoor hotel has hosted many of the nation’s presidents, entertainers, and celebrities. There’s a wall of fame on the corridor walls outside the bowling alley filled with photos of the U. S. Presidents and foreign Presidents who have visited and everyone from early actors to present day actresses. But although the original hotel registers were not available, in addition to the wall of photos, there’s a series of resort magazines that began in 1946 that announced guests by names. The Memories and the Broadmoor Bonanza were popular as they announced their guests. This hotel has also preserved their honeymoon negatives, so many are available. Photos are the biggest requests – photos of polo teams, events and married copies. 

Employee records and entertainment records have also been preserved. The onsite archivists contacted, returned, findings in an email for our research project.  For onsite review of documents, an appointment must be made in advance.

Melrose, Warwick Hotel, Dallas, Texas
Warwick, Melrose Hotel, Dallas
The Warwick line of elegant historic hotels tells American history in a unique way. If your ancestor was from the “upper crust” you may find them as having lived or worked in one of these historic properties.
“… the Warwick Denver hotel was once a Playboy mansion. The Warwick Melrose in Dallas was, in the 1930s, an apartment building for the millionaires from Texas, and the Warwick New York was built by William Randolph Hearst in 1926 as a gift for his long-time mistress, Marion Davies, who was a Hollywood actress.”
As I write this end-of-the-year article on 2014 Travel  Research - Hotel Records, I am a guest at the AAA Four Diamond Melrose, Warwick Hotel built in 1924 while researching in Dallas.

Kathleen Brandt
Happy Thanksgiving, 2014
a3genealogy.com
a3genealogy@gmail.com

Monday, November 24, 2014

Christmas and Holiday Gift Certificates 2014



Last Minute Gift
Yes, it's too late to complete your family tree by Christmas, but consider our popular Holiday Gift Certificate. You will receive the Gift Certificate in our festive Red Envelope in time to place under the tree.

Email for our holiday quotes:
          Promo Code: a32014
          10 hours minimum research

Kathleen Brandt
a3Genealogy.com
Accurate, accessible answers
a3genealogy@gmail.com