Tuesday, April 15, 2014

Saline County Mo., Colored Marriage Book 1865-1870

Colored Marriages of Saline County, MO, 1865-1870
Three hundred and forty-one African-American couples registered their marriages with the Saline County, MO. courthouse between 1865 and 1870. The Colored Marriages of Saline County, 1865 - 1870 is indexed by both groom and bride, and holds a complete copy of the original 111 page Court Recorder Colored Marriage Record book. The marriage records include the names of enslaved children born of each union. It also provides the researcher with names of black settlements, names of active church leaders that performed the marriages, and twenty historical black cemeteries of Saline County, MO.  

 Get your copy now! 

Colored Marriages 1865-1870

Colored Marriages 1865-1870

Be sure to follow the Colored Marriages of Saline County, MO., 1865 - 1870 website (blog) for more tips, hints and data.

Kathleen Brandt

Monday, April 14, 2014

5 Research Tips to Missouri Bohemian Resources

Map of Bohemia / Czech Republic, Geographicus
Bohemian Settlements
Few researchers learn of their Bohemian ancestors’ colorful history.  Actually our informal poll revealed that most researchers did not know Bohemia was part of the Austrian Hungarian Empire that could boast of its independent “kingdom” from the 1400’s to the end of WWI.  Even fewer noted knowledge of Missouri Bohemians colonies outside the popular south St. Louis settlements. But, Bohemian settlements scattered across America as far south as Louisiana to New York City.  Czech-Bohemian settlements populated midwest towns from Kansas and Minnesota to the Dakotas. And, there were colonies in Texas, Cleveland and Iowa. But the Missouri settlements are usually only mentioned in St.Louis; yet, there were Bohemian settlements that lined the Missouri River Valley. Even the Cuivre River Valley in Mo. had a small Bohemian settlement as early as 1840 (reference Lincoln County, Hawk Point, Mo. and historical Mashek, Mo.).

Bohemians were generally noted as those who originated from western Czechoslovakia. Bohemian Jews, from southern Bohemia began populating Missouri as early as 1816 (first noted in St. Louis). Czech Bohemians originating from the Austrian Empire began migrating to Missouri about 1847 speaking Czech and German. Whereas, many settled in south St. Louis, others settled in the following Missouri townships: 
  • Bolivar and Karlin
  • Cainsville
  • Fenton
  • High Rdge
  • Kansas City
  • Mashek
  • Rock Creek
  • St. Charles
  • St. Joseph 

Where to Research
Census records may give you a hint on your Bohemian ancestor’s origin, but their birthplace may be noted as Bohemia, Czechoslovakia, Austria, Austro-Hungary, or Germany. But, by corroborating census records with a few other useful documents, you may find answers to your Bohemian family research questions.
Civil War Provost Marshal Record
  1. Civil War Records. Missouri Provost Marshal records found at the Kansas City - NARA, gives us tips/hints to the residences and social life of the Bohemians in Mo. (See RG110).  In Missouri more than 60 Bohemians served with the 2nd Regiment, US Reserve Corps, Mo. Volunteers; and 80 Bohemians served in the 4th Regiment Infantry, Missouri Volunteers.
  2. Naturalization Records. There are 1143 indexed naturalization cards/records on the Missouri Digital Heritage site noting birth place as Bohemia. It is also possible however, that your ancestor recorded his place of origin as Czechoslovakia. 
  3. Passenger List. Be sure to review the Czech Immigration Passenger lists, Vol. I – IX compiled by Leo Baca. We have found that many of the early Missouri Bohemians came through New Orleans from Bremen Germany, but this passenger list compilation includes most of the popular ports.
  4. Cemetery. When researching your Bohemian ancestor, don’t forget to check the local Jewish cemetery. In St. Louis begin your cemetery research with the New Mount Sinai Cemetery. Although many Bohemians were Jewish, others were practicing Catholics or FreeThinkers.  For ancestors of Jefferson County, MO, review the Cemeteries in Jefferson County, MO. Czech-Slavonic Benevolent Association: C.S.P.S. (Bohemian) Cemetery 
  5. Orphanage. Be sure to learn about the Hessoun Bohemian Catholic orphanage in Fenton, St Louis County, MO., 1908-1954. Bohemians and other Czech Slovak orphans from across America were admitted into the St. John Nepomuk Church orphanage. 
For More Information
Kathleen Brandt

Monday, April 7, 2014

7 Research Resources for U. S. Occupation in Latin America, 1915-1933

A U.S. Marine inspecting a troop of Haitian soldiers, 1920.
Soldiers Serving in Haiti, Dominican Republic, and Nicaragua
Rarely do researchers dig through the National Archives to uncover veteran ancestors and learn of their experiences in occupied Latin American countries during and shortly after WWI.  Yet, our Army, Navy, and Marine Corps veterans occupied the Dominican Republic (1916-1924), Nicaragua (1926-1933), and Haiti (1915-1934). These stories have been overshadowed by the larger wars and conflicts. 

Fold3.com, Medal of Honor Recipients
To provide the complex history and politics that play the strategic role of occupying these counties would be impossible here. However we recommend the researcher to have at least a cursory understanding of the politics which help lead to a successful research project. Topics from the beginning of President Woodrow Wilson’s term to the 1934 term of President Franklin D. Roosevelt should be reviewed.

Where to Research?
1)      Fold3. A search on Fold3.com may solidify your ancestors’ Latin American service.  A quick search revealed the service of U. S. Marine Corps, First Lt Earnest Calvin Williams.
2)      NARA, Record Group 80. Secret and Confidential Correspondence of the Office of the Chief of Naval Operations and the Office of the Secretary of the Navy,1919-1927. For the publication of the 117 rolls of microfilm visit .
3)      NARA, Textural Records, RG 127.8.  For Records of the US Marines in Haiti and Nicaragua and Records of Expeditionary Forces and Detachments, review the RG 127. 
Served in Haiti, 1914
4)      NARA, Maps and Cartographic Records. RG 127. Maps are a key tool when researching our military ancestors. Record Group 127.10 has an extensive collection of maps and plans of Haiti, Dominican Republic and Nicaragua and of the U. S. installations in these counties. 
5)      NARA, Department of State, Central Decimal Files, RG 59, General Records of the Dept. of State to include organizational unites, special subjects and events. Individuals are also periodically named. Central Decimal Files are located at Archives II. 
6)      Navy Dept. Listing. For a listing of Dominican Republic, Haiti, and Nicaragua military Marine vessels visit the List of Expeditions, 1901-1929

Kathleen Brandt
Accurate, accessible answers


The Colored Marriages of Saline County, MO, 1865-1870

Saline County

Learn More About the Slave Marriage Book Project

Kathleen Brandt, the founder of a3Genealogy, Kansas City, Mo,- was researching in Saline County, MO when she eyed a registry: Colored Marriages of Saline County, 1865-1870. One of the first rights granted to freed-slaves was to legalize their slave marriages. Information from these records will link the African American researcher to slave ancestors. It will also further descendants of Slave Masters to reference one more resource in their research.  

A Kickstarter.com project: Slave Marriage Book was immediately launched to digitize, index and transcribe each page of the book, and the many entries of the legalized slave marriages and children born to the union during slavery.

For additional information visit:

Hidden Historical Records - A Valentine Find (Cupid and the Slave Marriages)

For interview contact:
Kathleen Brandt

(Original post 2/1/4/13, Entitled: Press Release)

Friday, March 28, 2014

The DNA Rain Dance

Click Here for Savings
mtFull Sequence 

Some people can make it rain, I obviously can change the price (if only for 4 days) of the mtFullSequence DNA test at FamilyTreeDNA. Yes I'm taking credit for it! Just two days ago 26 March, I mentioned how the costs of the mtDNA Full Sequence tests is prohibitive. See Understanding mtDNA. My only con: "The full sequence mtDNA tests are expensive and the likeliness of matching is slim due to the fact that there are too few participants."

I guess FamilyTreeDNA was listening, (or not...I'm still taking credit for it). For 4 days only they have reduced their Full Sequence mtDNA tests to $139.00 (a $60.00 savings).  If this is a new kit, you get the savings; or if you need to upgrade your mtDNA tests (standard HvR1 & 2 ) it can be done at a $60.00 savings. Check to see if your kit is eligible. Our a3Genealogy clients have all received emails. 

As I mentioned before, for the maximum results of your mtDNA tests, the Full Sequence is needed. And, no, I do not work for FamilyTreeDNA, or get any compensation for sharing this information. It just helps the entire family research community. Let's help build this database.

Kathleen Brandt
Accurate, Accessible Answers

Wednesday, March 26, 2014

Understanding mtDNA

Photo From Maternal Ancestry Store, Genebase
HVR1 and HVR2 Results

Over and over the a3Genealogy DNA team are asked if mtDNA and X chromosome are the same. Simply, the answer is no. Yet, the mitochondrial DNA , carried down the female line to her children (sons and daughters), is passed from mothers and contributes to the X chromosome path. Sons, do not pass mtDNA. 
What Can Be Gleened from the mtDNA Tests?
mtDNA covers the hyper-variable regions of the genome and covers both recent and distant generations : 1) HVR1 (16024-16569) produces large number of matches 2) HVR2 (00001-00576) test results combined with HVR1 assists in identifying maternal ethnic and geographic origin, haplogroup. But genealogical gains are limited:
  • Matching on HVR1 means that you have a 50% chance of sharing a common maternal ancestor within the last fifty-two generations. That is about 1,300 years. (1)
  • Matching on HVR1 and HVR2 means that you have a 50% chance of sharing a common maternal ancestor within the last twenty-eight generations. That is about 700 years. (1)
If you want the possibility to match common recent ancestors, consider a "full sequence" mtDNA test by adding the Coding region 00577-16023, the entire mitochondrial genome. Compared to the HVR1 and HRV2 testing, "a perfect match of a full sequence test indicates a common ancestor in recent times" (2)
  • Matching on the Mitochondrial DNA Full Genomic Sequence test brings your matches into times that are more recent. It means that you have a 50% chance of sharing a common maternal ancestor within the last 5 generations. That is about 125 years. (1)
Con: The full sequence MtDNA tests are expensive and the likeliness of matching is slim due to the fact that there are too few participants. 

Is mtDNA Testing Helpful?
Yes. Researchers may uncover the following:
  1. Haplogroup: Identify the origin/general region of my maternal ancestors (Native American, Jewish, etc.? What was their migratory path? 
  2. Indigenous: Identify an indigenous match. This is most helpful when matching ethnic groups. Are you Native American? Aborigines?
  3. Exact Match: With the assistance of your papertrail, descendants of maternal ancestors can be identified.
The mtDNA contains the 3 regions mentioned: HVR1, HVR2 and Coding.

Referenced Articles
The information provided above was extracted from the following articles: 

Kathleen Brandt
Accurate, Accessible Answers

Sunday, March 23, 2014

Tech Toys for Genealogists

It's All Portable 

At the GenealogyKC 2014 conference, I shared a few of my favorite tech tools for the On-the-Go genealogists. Attendees quickly learned that I don't leave home without my FlipPal scanner, my LiveScribe Pen and my Smartphone. These tools make genealogical visits to the homestead, cemetery, or library successful. 

Record and Notes
Sure you could pull out your computer and start taking notes, OR get a pen that takes dictation and allows you to take notes and outline your ideas and answers while diagramming the cemetery.
LiveScribe SmartPen
Livescribe SmartPen
The Livescribe pen is my favorite. It reduces tension when I'm interviewing family members. They feel free to talk and expound on their past without the constant reminder of a recording device. The LiveScribe pen captures and syncs written notes,  interviews and diagrams. With a simple USB cord from the pen to your computer, you can upload all your notes to your PC and Mac. (Funny...when I explained the uploading process at GenealogyKC, it probably sounded like magic. But really, your pen is programmed and syncs seamlessly to your computer. And the upload to the computer is compatible with Evernote. 

Other toys to consider: 
Copy and Scanning
Portable scanners are best used when visiting repositories and family members. You never want to be caught without a copier. The plus is these scans are electronic, and in color.
Best for:  Photos, Newspapers obits/clips, Deeds, Vital Records, Crafts, etc.

My favorite is the Flip Pal Scanner, but whichever you use, be sure to call the repository in advance to verify they will allow your scanner.
Databases and Photographs
Of course you can carry a camera, a GPS, a computer, a video camera or tape recorder, a To-Do-List pad with pencil and notes of inspiration. Or you could use your SmartPhone (or Tablet).  There are times that you really need a great camera or recorder for long sessions, but, often SmartPhones and Tablets do the job and for the common household, the smartphone camera is better than your digital camera.

SmartPhones and Tablets - There's An App For That!
I could talk forever about useful Apps for Iphones and Android phones, but at minimum know your Smartphone is great for the following basic needs of any family historian researcher working in the "field." Just go to the Play Store or Iphone Apps to shop for genealogy apps. Most are free. Here are a few other apps that will help the On-The-Go Genealogists:
  • Camera
  • To Do List
  • Notes
  • GPS
  • Video/Voice Recorder
  • Mobile Apps
Travel Hints
For additional travel hints, visit Archives.com: Planning A Genealogy Research Trip

Kathleen Brandt
Accurate, Accessible Answers