Friday, November 25, 2022

Mac and Cheese and Thanksgiving

The Jefferson Papers
Grandma Strader (1865-1968) closely followed James Hemmings' macaroni and cheese recipe. James Hemming was a Parisian taught chef and slave of Thomas Jefferson. She would say, "I was born shortly after President Lincoln declared Thanksgiving a holiday." And, she'd add "I was born free!" The Thanksgiving National Holiday was declared 3 Oct 1863 by Congress, but offered by George Washington 26 Nov. 1789.

Mary Randolph, in the first cookbook ever published in America, documented the Macaroni recipe in the 1824 The Virginia House-wife cookbook. This was the first cookbook ever published in America. Mary Randolph was the sister of Thomas Mann Randolph, who was the son-in-law of Thomas Jefferson. Oh, and she was a descendant of Pocahontas. It appears she was also the first recorded person buried in Arlington National Cemetery (1828).

Mary Randolph’s recipe, 1824   

By1793, Jefferson paid duty on imported macaroni, for his then known Macaroni Pie, according to his Memorandum books. Jefferson's last grocery order, placed five months before his death in 1826, included "Macaroni 112¾ lb."

Yep, that's the recipe that Great Grandma Strader passed down.

Four Generations: Mac and Cheese at Thanksgiving
Although this family was not part of the Exodusters, in about 1896, Grandma left Kentucky and travelled to Lyons, Rice County, KS with her teamster husband and 4 of her seven children. The salt mines in Lyons, Kansas were looking for seasoned teamsters.  The last three children were born in Kansas, to include my Grandfather. 

All followed the same recipe. This included 3 of Great Grandma's daughters and my grandmother and mother who married into the Strader family.

Just like Grandma Strader, as ex-slave families and descendants moved from the south to other parts of the nation, they carried their southern culture, and recipes with them. Food has always tied immigrants, ex-slaves, and transient persons to their "home place." It's a way to honor the ancestors.

My mother, who married into the family, quickly adopted this recipe. I'm sure Daddy would not have accepted it any other way. Plus, mother's family did not have the mac and cheese Thanksgiving tradition. I'm the 4th generation, and although I've tried other recipes, there is NO WAY I'd attempt to put them on the the Thanksgiving table. My brothers would protest, and my husband of 25 years would pout with disappointment. 

Traditional Recipe Adopted by the Strader Family


Ingredients
Preheat oven to 350°F. Coat a 9-by-13-inch baking dish with butter (or cooking spray).
1 teaspoon salt. Remember your cheese can be a bit salty, so adjust if needed

16oz of large elbow macaroni

2-3 12 oz cans of Evaporated milk. Do not dilute it.
I use Pet canned milk, because that's what "they" used.
Yes you can use whole milk, but anything else would be WRONG.

24 oz of sliced block cheese: Mild Cheddar cheese, Sharp Cheddar cheese and Colby Jack Cheese 
I let my ancestors guide me, but no one has EVER said, "that's too much cheese." Oh...you can actually use any type of good melting cheese you like IN ADDITION TO the Cheddar and Colby.

8 tablespoons butter (1 stick), sliced.
Did someone say heart healthy? I know I didn't!

Black pepper to sprinkle on top.

Combine:
  1. Transfer half of the cooked macaroni to the prepared baking dish. 
  2. Top with half the cheese and dot with half the butter. Repeat with the remaining pasta, cheese and butter. 
  3. Pour abt. 2 cups of milk over the top. Milk should be about half way up the pan. Add more if needed
  4. Sprinkle top with black pepper.
Cover with foil and bake until hot and the cheese is melted, about 35-40 minutes.
Remove the foil and bake for another 10 minutes. You may wish to sprinkle on a bit of shredded or crumbled cheese on top, because the name is Mac and Cheese!

There are lot's of variations. Many people add a whisked egg or two to the milk to make a custard, but the original recipe did not ask for it, and we don't use it. I think, but not sure, that the egg addition was a Betty Crocker invention, circa 1950.

Thanksgiving Timeline
1789 Nov 26, George Washington issued a proclamation for “a day of public thanksgiving and prayer.”
1863, President Abraham Lincoln encouraged Americans to recognize the last Thursday of November as “a day of Thanksgiving.”
1870, Congress made Thanksgiving (along with Christmas Day, New Year’s Day, and Independence Day) a national holiday.
 
President Franklin D. Roosevelt also declared the last Thursday of November a national day of thanks; but for two years he moved it to the third Thursday of November. This was to benefit businesses and extend the Christmas shopping season during the Great Depression. 1940, he President Roosevelt returned it to the last Thursday of November.

Kathleen Brandt

Be Historically Correct
a3genealogy.com
Accurate Accessible Answers
a3genealogy@gmail.com

Wednesday, November 23, 2022

5 Underutilized Native American Research Resources

It's Not Just About the Oklahoma 5 Tribes!
When your grandparents claimed they were of Native American heritage, that does not mean they were from one of the well-known 5 Oklahoma tribes. A recent client had ancestors who settled in Nebraska, received land in Nebraska, served in the military, and yet descendants were rejected from their Nemaha tribe of Nebraska on land records just a few years earlier.

Where to look for a Hint of Native American Ancestry?

1.  Military Veteran Records. If you are looking your Native American in the 20th century, military records are a great place to start. During World War I approximately 12,000 Native American soldiers served in the U.S. Check out these resources:
2. Indian Scouts and Code Talkers
It was due to their recognized efforts in WWI, that all Indigenous peoples in the US, were given citizenship in 1924.
Group of 6 Native American Soldiers in WWI era uniforms
A squad of Choctaw Code Talkers in Camp Merritt, New Jersey. From left: Cpl. Solomon Bond
Louis, Pvt. Mitchell Bobb, Cpl. James Edwards, Cpl. Calvin Wilson, Pvt. George (James) Davenport, Cpt. Elijah W. Horner. Photographer: Joseph K. Dixon | The Indiana University Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology

3.  National Archives: American Indian Records in the National Archives


Half Breeds and Mixed Bloods of Omahas, Iowas, Ottoes, Yancton & Santie Bands of Sioux


1861 Land Patent, Nemaha 


4.  Court Record, BIA, NARA-KC
Omaha Nation, Nebraska, Land, KC-NARA, BIA

African Descent

Descendant was of "Affrican [?] Blood, Omaha mother, KC, NARA

Records created by the BIA can be found at many NARA research facilities throughout the country. There is no comprehensive index to these records. It is important to know the tribe and/or BIA agency to locate potentially relevant records.

5. Indian Census Rolls. Be sure to read Indian Census Rolls, 1885 - 1940, on the archives.gov website. These are the censuses of all the tribes except the Five Civilized Tribes, from about 1885 to 1940. They do not include everyone who was an Indian, only those living on the reservations.

Familysearch, Native American Census Rolls, Wyoming, 1938 


November is Native American Heritage Month. We also hear it referred to as American Indian and Alaska Native Heritage Month.

Other Resources
Kathleen Brandt
Be Historically Correct
a3genealogy.com
Accurate Accessible Answers
a3genealogy@gmail.com

Sunday, November 20, 2022

DNA - $36.00 That's a Wonderful Friday!

The Black Friday DNA Sale
Expires 20 Nov 2022.  

You know you want to know if that Weird Uncle is really family.  Or, are you the Weird Uncle? Visit here: MyHeritage DNA

Remember, even if other family has tested on ancestry.com, we can connect you all on MyHeritage DNA. 

Have questions? Ask Kathleen@a3genealogy.com

Monday, November 14, 2022

Records for Women Serving in WWI??


From the Mail Bag

Ellen, 
We love our women ancestors. They were proactive in war efforts and served when they could. Keep in mind that during WWI women were barred from voting in the USA; and, could not serve in military combat roles. However, they did volunteer toward the war efforts and provided support on the front lines: nurses, translators, dieticians, and even drivers. We must give them credit for paving the way for today's women to think bold and big. Be sure to enjoy the video.

Clues
You provided two great clues when you included this nuggets: 1) May be Red Cross 2)  her service was "close to the end of the war. We know the dietitians began serving with the Army in 1917. 3) she served at "Camp" Dix. 

We hope you saw this article which included at least one new dietitian, Miss Marion Peck:
 "https://www.newspapers.com/image/430650251/

This article proved the following: 
1) the word "dietitian" in this research must be done with its popular misspelling "dietician" or use a wildcard "dieti?ian"
2) in your search efforts remember dietetics vs dietitian may be used (i.e. hospital dietetics)
3) although we love saying Fort Dix, we need to search it as "Camp Dix" especially for WWI research. The name change was 1947.
4) Camp Dix had a double issue - the War and the
1918 Influenza Epidemic.  Did you know one dietitian died after contracting the disease while on duty in 1918?[i].

[i]  The Influenza Epidemic at Camp Dix, NJ, 30 Nov 1918; Jama Network

The Basic Research
You didn't provide a name for your ancestor, or her location, so I'm assuming your grandmother was in America, not England or Canada, overseas, etc. With that in mind, let's also assume you already checked the following:

Still a Brickwall?
The Army Nurse Corps definitely hand women dieticians. As many of these dietitians traveled overseas, we are able to uncover passenger lists. The following list found, on Fold3, is actually quite extensive.
Let's also turn to academic papers and professional journals knowing now that female WWI dietitians must also be researched within the Army Nurse Corps collections. Here's just one American Journal of Nursing that list those who served in the Army Nurse Corps at Camp Dix March 1918[2] 
Adlin M. Wagner and Loretta M. Pratt, Olga Sletten, General Hospital No. 26, Fort Des Moines, Iowa. Ethel M. Collins, Pearlena V. Soles, Mary E. Spare, Ellen Brady, Amy Reed, Kathleen E. Murphy, Edna L. Bailey, Matilda Blackberg, Eleanor J. Menah, Ruth Ardron, Marie R. McManus, Alice N. Hemingway, Helen Canty, Sadie E. Houston, Agnes C. Peterson, Alva Tomlinson, Marie S. Fordham, Regina H. Conroy, Edna Cubbi- son, Elsie M. Botdorf, Mildred K. Magee, Agnes S. Dalton, Mary M. Bittner, Margretta Hibert, Edith MacMahan, Lulu A. Brennan, Isabella J. H. Aitken, Grace I. Richards, to U. S. Army Base Hospital, Camp Dix, N. J

[2] Nursing News and Announcements, The American Journal of Nursing, Dec 1918, Vol 19. No 3, pg 206-252, Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; : https://www.jstor.org/stable/3406207

Digging Deeper
Well, this may not be a brickwall, but a brick skyscraper! Here are a few other places to peruse:

  1. Government Civilian PersonnelIs it possible your grandmother served as a civilian for the military? Civilian records are at the National Personnel Record Center in St. Louis.  Here is a link: https://www.archives.gov/st-louis/opf.  
  2. Archives.gov. Here is another place you can get started with the Records of the American National Red Cross, 1881-2008, search term: Red Cross Dietitian:  https://catalog.archives.gov/search?q=red%20cross%20dietitian
  3. Local Newspapers. Many of these honored Red Cross assignments were posted in local newspapers: 

Republic County Democrat, Belleville, KS. 

Suggested Reading:

For More on Women Serving in WWI
Video Provided by WWI Museum, Smithsonian, KCMO


Kathleen Brandt
Be Historically Correct
a3genealogy.com
Accurate Accessible Answers
a3genealogy@gmail.com

Monday, November 7, 2022

Ancestry DNA November 2022 Holiday Sale


Offer ends 23 Nov 2022

Remember all proceeds, using this link, are donated to Tracing Ancestors.org: a 501c3 (Not-for-profit) dedicated to serving women, schools & underserved Communities


Kathleen Brandt 
         
 Website: a3Genealogy 
accurate accessible answers
P.O. Box 414640
Kansas City, MO.  64141

816-729-5995; fax: 816-817-2146 


Monday, October 10, 2022

NARA Regional Shuffling of Records

 

Genealogists and historical researchers know that there are National Archives Branches across America.  


Whereas Kansas City is the repository for North Dakota, South Dakota, Nebraska, Kansas, Minnesota, Iowa, and Missouri; Fort Worth is the repository (well, they were), for Arkansas, Oklahoma, Louisiana, and Texas.  

Many of us missed this announcement, however, NARA - Ft. Worth Regional is sending some of its holdings to Kansas City.  this includes the following:
If you aren't sure how Court Records, or Bankruptcy Records can help with you genealogical search, read here: 

Another fine way to prove KC is the center of all things!

Be Historically Correct

Kathleen Brandt
a3genealogy.com
Accurate Accessible Answers
a3genealogy@gmail.com  




Sunday, October 2, 2022

Congress.Gov, The Forgotten Resource


Historical Context of Family History Month
As researchers we often reference contemporary newspapers to understand our ancestors' social history. We see phrases like "October, Family History Month," and we ignore the implications. Who declared it? What was the Need? When did it happen? Where (to include which citizensis the impact of this law? How is it to be impact my family in the future? 

Most have never visited the congress.gov website, but its contents impacted our ancestors choices and struggles and successes.  Our ancestors migrated, settled and resettled as they fought for and voted for representatives to create laws that reflected their values and could determine their family's fate. So when October was dedicated to Family History Month we turned to the 107th Congress, congress.gov to understand how Family History Month became an October reality.

Purpose for this blogpost?
Our goal here is twofold:
  1. Encourage historical researchers, to include family historians, to peruse the congress.gov website to put laws and our ancestors into perspective. 
  2. To celebrate October as Family History Month 
Why use Congress.gov website?

The a3genealogy love for early territorial records led us to the congress.gov website as we researched the 1800, 6th Congress act for granting land to the inhabitants and settlers at Vincennes and the Illinois country, in the Territory North-West of the Ohio, and for conforming them in their possessions.''  Our brickwall was destroyed by understanding the law, beginning with 1800. Our client was looking for a full land trace a particular ancestor that led us directly to Vincennes. The ancestor died in 1837.

Of course, this was the same 6th Congress that established the system of Bankruptcy throughout the United States. Understanding this bill and its implementation and impact to our early Broome County, NY timber/lumber Dutch family, helped explained the descendants move to Portland, OR area.  
“trouble with lumber,” and greed from the Broome County Bank and their lawyers. “They sued me and father Vosbury, and Levi , and all my in dorsers [endorsers], and made costs upon costs till they broke me all up.”
But our first hurdle was to understand the impact of the law on these early Dutch settlers.

Congress.gov allows the family researcher to peruse all of the Bills, Acts & Laws from 1799 -present day. So when requested to provide historical research  on Family History Month celebrated in October, again we turned to congess.gov: S.Res.160 - A resolution designating the month of October 2001, as "Family History Month".  This historical research for the publication of an academic article.

October Family History Month since 2001

IN THE SENATE OF THE UNITED STATES
                           September 12, 2001
    Mr. Hatch (for himself, Mr. Reid, Mr. Inhofe, Mr. Thurmond, Mr. 
 Bennett, Mr. Dodd, Mr. Stevens, Mr. Craig, Mr. Grassley, Mr. Cleland, 
Mr. Hutchinson, Mr. Inouye, Mr. DeWine, Mr. Campbell, Mrs. Clinton, Mr. 
Nelson of Nebraska, Mr. Leahy, Mr. Conrad, Mr. Frist, Mr. Rockefeller, 
 Mr. Jeffords, Mr. Baucus, Mr. Sessions, Mr. Helms, Mr. Bingaman, Mr. 
   Bunning, Mr. Miller, Mr. Murkowski, Mr. Nickles, Mr. Cochran, Mr. 
 Domenici, Mr. Allen, Mr. Smith of Oregon, Mr. Wyden, Mrs. Feinstein, 
Mr. Daschle, Mr. Fitzgerald, Ms. Snowe, Ms. Collins, Mr. Wellstone, Mr. 
   Kerry, Mr. Dorgan, Ms. Cantwell, Ms. Stabenow, Mr. Kennedy, Mrs. 
   Lincoln, Mr. Specter, Mr. Biden, Mr. Brownback, Mr. Roberts, Mr. 
  Allard, Mr. Bayh, Mr. Byrd, Mr. Nelson of Florida, Mr. Schumer, Mr. 
Hollings, Mr. Santorum, Mrs. Hutchison, Mr. Corzine, Mr. Thompson, Mr. 
 Lugar, Mr. Voinovich, Mr. McConnell, Mr. Lott, Mr. Akaka, Mrs. Boxer, 
Mr. Durbin, Mr. Breaux, Mrs. Dayton, Mr. Enzi, Mr. Thomas, Mr. Smith of 
 New Hampshire, Mr. Burns, Mr. Crapo, Mr. Hagel, Mr. Kohl, Mr. Levin, 
 Ms. Mikulski, Mr. Shelby, Mr. Sarbanes, Mrs. Murray, Mr. Graham, Mr. 
  Johnson, Mr. Feingold, and Mr. Torricelli) submitted the following 
    resolution; which was referred to the Committee on the Judiciary
In the 107th Congress, 2001, a Senate committee detailed Family History Month in a resolution. Yes, I'm putting in here in its entirety.
 RESOLUTION
 Designating the month of October 2001, as ``Family History Month''.
Whereas it is the family, striving for a future of opportunity and hope, that 
        reflects our Nation's belief in community, stability, and love;
Whereas the family remains an institution of promise, reliance, and 
        encouragement;
Whereas we look to the family as an unwavering symbol of constancy that will 
        help us discover a future of prosperity, promise, and potential;
Whereas within our Nation's libraries and archives lie the treasured records 
        that detail the history of our Nation, our States, our communities, and 
        our citizens;
Whereas individuals from across our Nation and across the world have embarked on 
        a genealogical journey by discovering who their ancestors were and how 
        various forces shaped their past;
Whereas an ever-growing number in our Nation and in other nations are 
        collecting, preserving, and sharing genealogies, personal documents, and 
        memorabilia that detail the life and times of families around the world;
Whereas 54,000,000 individuals belong to a family where someone in the family 
        has used the Internet to research their family history;
Whereas individuals from across our Nation and across the world continue to 
        research their family heritage and its impact upon the history of our 
        Nation and the world;
Whereas approximately 60 percent of Americans have expressed an interest in 
        tracing their family history;
Whereas the study of family history gives individuals a sense of their heritage 
        and a sense of responsibility in carrying out a legacy that their 
        ancestors began;
Whereas as individuals learn about their ancestors who worked so hard and 
        sacrificed so much, their commitment to honor their ancestors' memory by 
        doing good is increased;
Whereas interest in our personal family history transcends all cultural and 
        religious affiliations;
Whereas to encourage family history research, education, and the sharing of 
        knowledge is to renew the commitment to the concept of home and family; 
        and
Whereas the involvement of National, State, and local officials in promoting 
        genealogy and in facilitating access to family history records in 
        archives and libraries are important factors in the successful 
        perception of nationwide camaraderie, support, and participation: Now, 
        therefore, be it
    Resolved, That the Senate--
            (1) designates the month of October 2001, as ``Family 
        History Month''; and
            (2) requests that the President issue a proclamation 
        calling upon the people of the United States to observe the 
        month with appropriate ceremonies and activities.
There are other government records for researchers to analyze. At a3Genealogy, we often turn to the Legislation & Records of the US Senate

What a wonder treasure trove these records are when working on our ancestors and understanding the national (and regional) influences of their choices. Plus, for us, in more cases than one, this understanding has led us to bringing down brickwalls. 

Be Historically Correct

Kathleen Brandt
a3genealogy.com
Accurate Accessible Answers
a3genealogy@gmail.com